In 2013 overall spending on rooms in South Africa in all categories rose 14% to R17.3 billion, reflecting an increase in stay unit nights and an 8.4% rise in the average room rate. The pick-up in hotel occupancy rates has stimulated new activity in the industry, with a number of major hotel chains in the process of upgrading facilities, renovating their properties or making plans to open new hotels. The report estimates that by 2018 there will be about 63 600 hotel rooms available up from 60 900 in 2013.
Elsewhere, Nigeria’s economy is booming, buoyed in part by regional and international investment. Hotel room revenue rose 59% between 2009 and 2013. Conversely hotel room revenue in Mauritius decreased by 8.7% in 2013 but is projected to grow at 4.6% compounded annually to 2018. Kenya’s hotel market declined during the past two years, largely due to terrorist concerns.
Outlook: South Africa 2014-2018
Overall room capacity is projected to increase at a 1.3% compound annual rate to 123 400 in 2018 from 115 700 in 2013. Guest houses are expected to be the fastest-growing category in respect of the availability of rooms averaging 3.7% compounded annually, with slower growth in other areas. Stay unit nights for hotels rose 4.8% in 2013 whereas guest houses and guest farms fell 4.5%. The overall occupancy rate across all sectors rose to 52.6% in 2013. Although guest houses/ guest farms had the highest occupancy rate at 60.5%, it was the only category to show a decline in 2013, having posted an occupancy rate of 65.3% in 2012.
Hotels accounted for 71% of total accommodation revenue in 2013 and this share is expected to rise to 73% by 2018.
Outlook: Nigeria, Mauritius and Kenya 2014-2018
The hotel market in Nigeria grew 9% in 2013, which was the smallest gain since 2010.Stay unit nights increased 6.3% in 2013 and have grown faster than room availability over the past three years. Average room rates have grown slowly in the last two years, rising by only 2.5% in 2013. The number of hotel rooms is expected to triple during the next five years, rising from 8 400 in 2013 to 24 000 in 2018. Overall hotel room revenue is also anticipated to expand at a 22.6% compound annual rate to $1.1 billion (R12.1 billion) in 2018 from $413 million (R4.4 billion) in 2013.
Mauritius competes with the Maldives, Sri Lanka and the Seychelles for the tropical tourist market. The average hotel room in Mauritius costs €170 (R2 492); 2.7 times higher than average rates in South Africa and 28% higher than South Africa’s average five-star room rate. Due to the number of renovations and projects taking place in the industry, the number of available hotel rooms is expected to increase at a 2.9% compound annual rate to 14 250 in 2018. The average occupancy rate will edge down from 63.3% in 2013 to 61.5% in 2018.
Kenya’s hotel market declined during the past two years, falling 6.6% in 2012 and an additional 2.6% in 2013. Concerns about terrorism led several countries including the US and the UK, to issue travel alerts that discouraged people from visiting Kenya. The number of available rooms in Kenya is however projected to increase from 17 500 in 2013 to 19 400 in 2018 with an increase in the average room rate from $155 (R1 641) in 2013 to $163 (R1 726) in 2018. Total room revenue is expected to expand by 2.5% compounded annually, rising to $668 million (R7.1 billion) in 2018 from $589 million (R6.2 billion) in 2013.
Cruise industry in South Africa
The cruise industry in South Africa consists of spending by South Africans on cruises originating or departing from South Africa. Currently the industry is not seen as a direct competitor for the mainstream hospitality industry. The number of cruise passengers from South Africa totalled only 153 000 for the entire 2013/14 season, compared with 13.1 million stay unit nights for hotels in South Africa in 2013.
Durban is the leading cruise port in South Africa, accounting for about 70% of cruise passengers, Cape Town is the next largest. The average cruise cost R13 365 in the 2013/14 season, comparable to the cost of a week at a five-star hotel in Cape Town. Cruise prices locally are nearly 30% less than the global average of R18 525, in part reflecting the popularity of shorter and less expensive cruises to local destinations, and also lower incomes in South Africa.
The number of cruise passengers is projected to increase to 186 000 in 2018/9. Although the number of passengers is expected to decline in 2014/15, the occupancy rate is projected to increase to 85.2% from 74.6% in 2013/14 as supply will fall faster than demand. Passenger capacity is affected by the number of ships serving the market, the size of the ship and the number of cruises per season. Another factor affecting capacity is the quality of the cruise terminals. Transnet National Ports Authority is in the process of soliciting and evaluating for new cruise terminals in Durban and Cape Town.
“The construction of world-class terminals will improve boarding, which will enhance the cruise experience and encourage cruise lines to increase the number of cruises they offer in South Africa,” adds Forster.
Total cruise revenue is expected to increase by a projected 9.4% compounded annually, rising to R3.2 billion in 2018/19 from R2 billion in 2013/14.
Foster concludes: “Tourism is considered to be a key element in South Africa’s economy and is recognised in the National Development Plan as an important driver of economic and employment growth.
“Growth in travel and tourism is expected to fuel growth in the accommodation industry across the African continent during the next five years.”